Tuesday, April 8, 2014

Surrender Day on Okinawa – 7 September 1945

On the 7 September 1945, the Japanese forces in the Ryukyu Islands (including Okinawa) officially surrendered in an impressive ceremony on Okinawa. Prior to the ceremony, the Japanese delegation arrived on the island on the 4 September 1945 and Lt. Kowallis wrote this home:

Today was the day when all the Jap Generals & Admirals from the other islands came to Okinawa to surrender to the 10th Army. My driver has been hauling them back & forth all day. They have an old house fixed up just a couple hundred yards from my tent which they are using for a sort of headquarters. I expect they will be over there all night reading & signing documents. But I don’t see much of them. The MP’s keep every one pretty much away.

Here is a photo of Lt. Kowallis' jeep and driver with a couple of the Japanese delegation in the rear seat.

On the actual day of the official ceremony, 7 September 1945, Lt. Reinhart T. Kowallis wrote home to his wife Norma about the event. He said:

Today was the day the Japs signed the surrender papers for the Ryukyus. It took place out under the flag pole over by the General’s quarters. Tanks were lined up all along the road and over head squadrons of planes were flying over. Everyone and their dogs were there. Ray & I got a ring side seat up on the hill. As the Jap Generals were brought over the band played “The Old Grey Mare.” None of the Japs looked very happy. I wonder why.

From his ring side seat, Lt. Kowallis took the photos shown here and developed them himself.

Soldiers gather by the flag pole awaiting the arrival of the Japanese officers for the surrender ceremony. The Commanding General Joseph Stillwell's quarters are in the background in the trees. The table by the flagpole was where the papers were to be signed.

Tanks line the road way from the airport where the Japanese delegation was to arrive.

As the time for the ceremony approaches, a squadron of planes flies overhead and men stand by artillery ready to fire and announce the news.

 On the day of the ceremony, the Japanese delegation was marched to the parade grounds with American officers and MPs to keep them close company. Here are a few more shots of the march to the parade grounds.

Here the Japanese delegation and their guard approach the signing table.

These last two photos are not ones from Lt. Kowallis' collection, but are official government photos of the Japanese delegation at the signing table on the parade grounds and of the ceremony from an aerial view.

 You can read more about the Battle of Okinawa on Wikipedia, PBS.org, and History.com.
Other good sites for information on the Battle of Okinawa during 1945 include:
And for post-war Okinawa, this is a very good site with lots of pictures from 1945 through 1972: Remembering Okinawa

Note: Be sure to visit my other blogs on Okinawa in 1945: 


  1. Do you know who the 2 japanese officers are in the jeep? I have an original photo of the same officers but from a different angle. Was this taken by your father?
    Ben S.

  2. Ben -- I am not certain who the two officers are, but this photo was with my father's pictures. I can't say for certain if he took it or one of his fellow soldiers. Dad was the officer in charge of a photo interpretation group attached to the 10th Army. He, and others in his group, took lots of pictures and developed them in their photo lab. He regularly sent pictures home to my mother with his letters. --Bart

  3. After contacting 4 archives, I found someone who could identify the 2 Japanese officers. Mr. Richard Koone, at the National Museum of the Pacific War, wrote "the Japanese officer nearest the camera with the goatee is Major General Toshisada Takada, the other is Lieutenant General Toshiro Nomi". They were 2 of the cosigners to the surrender document to the Tenth Army. On the photograph above # 80-G-344921, Nomi is standing in the first row with the pith helmet on and Takada is to his left with his hands in his pockets. Ben S.

  4. Ben -- Thank you for following up. That took some real detective work. --Bart

    1. You are welcome. It solves a puzzle for me as to who they were.

  5. I have a certificate of Surrender signed by General Joseph W. Stilwell, Major General Takada, Rear Admiral Kato and Lt. General Nomi It was in an Army Veterans estate that I purchased. There is also a number of photos included. I am not sure it is worth anything or if anyone would be interested in it such as a museum or such. Chuck